Tag: among

The 3 Common Self-Destructive Habits Among Video Slots Players


One of the biggest mistakes that slot players make is playing slots. And while there’s some truth behind that statement, you’re never going to win a jackpot by sitting on the sidelines. Having said that, video slots have their fair share of pitfalls and are notoriously infamous for putting punters on the path of self-destruction.

Gambling Fast

Probably the fastest way to exhaust your bankroll is by picking up the pace at slots. Modern video slot machines spin every few seconds and at this rate, punters can easily exceed 600 spins an hour. When you think of it this way, the cost of playing video slots per hour is more expensive than some of the most popular table games.

online gambling

However, at the first glance, a $2 spin seems more enticing than a $10 blackjack wager. The true odds are only unearthed when you think of it in detail. Say a slots machine offers 92% RTP, which means the casino’s keeping the remaining 8%. So, at $2 per spin and 600 spins an hour, you’re investing $1,200. But the standard return is only $1,104.

Selecting the Wrong Video Slots

Video slots aren’t all created equal and the RTP varies considerably depending on an eclectic mix of reasons. While amateur punters are often mesmerized by high-end graphics, gameplay, and soundtracks, veterans keep a keen eye out for RTP.

While this might sound like individual preference, if you’re looking for a massive payout, higher RTP is good news. In fact, slot machines with lower RTP will inadvertently wipe out your bankroll much quicker.

If you want to explore high RTP slots, don’t forget to visit here.

Falling Asleep in the Middle of a Game

Slot animations are notorious for drawing players in a state of trance. The exciting and colorful animations, coupled with bright lights and loud sounds easily lure players, and if you’re sitting in front of the screen for too long, you might enter a deep state of trance with complete disregard for time or money.

Slot machines are designed with this exact purpose in mind and players will often sit and lose for hours. Another reason for the trance is losses disguised as wins. How this works is the machines periodically payout small wins less than the player’s original betting amount. Thus, creating an illusion of a win.

Poor Bankroll Management

While poor bankroll management isn’t exclusive to video slots, the latter is far less likely to cash out their winnings and walk away. The allure of winning massive jackpots is far too great to overcome and the moment you chase the big win, you’re bound to be doomed.

Casino games are cleverly designed with the explicit purpose of slowly siphoning your bankroll with time. If video slots have fallen in your favor so far, the tide could turn at any given moment. Hence, do yourself a favor and cash out when you still can.

About The Author

vipul

Vipul is a professional blogger and online advertiser based out of Bengaluru, India. Always in a quest for new ways to make money, Vipul detail out all possible opportunities that can help anyone to earn passive income online. You can connect on Twitter, Linkedin & Facebook



Among Us has now surpassed 200 million downloads on mobile



Spectacularly popular social-deduction game, Among Us, has surpassed 200 million downloads on Android and iOS. Sensor Tower’s latest data indicates that the game has been download 217 million times all-in-all, with a whopping 75 million of those  falling in October alone. This ranks Among Us above even mobile powerhouses like Garena Free Free and Subways Surfers, making it the most downloaded game in October, as well as the first week of November.

For those who’ve somehow missed out, Among Us is a social deduction game closely modeled after popular party games, Mafia and Werewolf. The game revolves around you and a group of friends fighting for survival by completing a variety of mini-game-like tasks. The only problem is that there’s an imposter among you (wink), trying to sabotage your plans and covertly kill off crew members, all while avoiding suspicion. When a body is found, players choose who to accuse, and evict them from the group (as well as life).

It’s a fun combination of humour and horror, which when you consider its influences range from scary films like The Thing to fun party games, makes a lot of sense.

If you want to see some play from the game, you can watch the original trailer below:

Sensor Tower also reports that Among Us has earned $39 million dollars on mobile, where the game is free-to-play, and its monetisation mainly revolves around buying character cosmetics.

Though Among Us launched back in 2018, its massive surge in popularity came about mainly through big Twitch streamers showcasing the game and playing it live.

So if murdering and manipulating friends sounds like a good time, you can download Among Us on Google Play and the App Store. For some helpful tips to get started, see our Among Us guide!

Uniqlo and The Guardian among thousands of sites loading malicious code from S3


Updated 05/09/2019: Fast Retailing Co has stated that the credit card fields were contained within an iframe, which meant they would not be collected by this generic skimmer. However, the remainder of the personal information provided by customers would have still been vulnerable if at least one non-credit card field happened to match a regular expression designed to find credit card numbers. Fast Retailing has stated it has “verified its order history database records for last several years and confirmed that there are no inputs in existing orders matching a regular expression designed to find credit card numbers in any non-credit card fields. While the malicious code would have been executed by visitors, based on the information available to Fast Retailing it is unlikely that customers who successfully placed an order would have had their personal data stolen”.

Uniqlo‘s website was infected with a shopping site skimmer for more than a week in May this year, following the addition of malicious JavaScript. The injected code was designed to silently ‘skim’ part of the checkout form and send a copy of the customer’s details to the criminals under certain conditions. In this case, the attack was not successful as the credit card details were not vulnerable — Uniqlo’s Australian site uses an iframe-based credit card form which means it was isolated from the malicious JavaScript.

Thousands more sites have also been compromised in recent months via the same underlying vulnerability that allowed criminals to alter the behaviour of the Uniqlo website — unsecured Amazon S3 buckets. The criminals took a shotgun approach to compromising as many files as possible. They got lucky with a bucket containing JavaScript files used on Uniqlo’s site, one of the most visited shopping sites on the internet.

Skimmer on Uniqlo’s website

We detected that Uniqlo’s Australian online shop was running malicious JavaScript on 18th May 2019. While the skimmer was active, a copy of any data that was entered during the checkout process on Uniqlo’s Australian site would have been silently sent to a dropsite operated by criminals if it matched a regular expression designed to find credit card numbers.

Personal data entered into Uniqlo Australia's checkout page would have been stolen
Personal data entered into Uniqlo Australia’s checkout page may have been stolen

E-commerce is responsible for nearly 10% of Uniqlo Japan’s sales and Uniqlo’s parent company Fast Retailing Co is one of the world’s largest and most successful retailers, worth $62 billion. Uniqlo is the most-visited online shop on which we have found a skimmer to date. This is the second attack to which Uniqlo has fallen victim in recent times; in May it was announced 460,000 users of the shopping site may have had their details stolen following a credential stuffing attack.

The criminals altered the website’s behaviour by adding obfuscated JavaScript code to the all of the resources Uniqlo hosts within its S3 bucket, hoping that at least one would be loaded by the website. By deobfuscating the code, we can reveal the data it captured and to where the stolen data would have been transmitted.

The code captured every input on the page accessible to the scriptThe code captured every input on the page accessible to the script

The code was designed to capture all of the data entered by customers into the checkout form. However, customers would not have had their credit card details stolen by the skimmer, as this part of the checkout form is loaded in an isolated iframe or is processed externally via Paypal. If the injected code did not find any other customer details where at least one field matched a regular expression designed to find credit card numbers, none of the data would be stolen.

Unlike the skimming code used in the attacks against Cleor and British Airways, this JavaScript code is very generic and is designed to function on multiple websites without modification. It harvests all form fields (by looking for input, select, and textarea elements) whether or not they are part of a specific checkout form.

Stolen credentials were sent to cdn-c.com
The captured data is transmitted to cdn-c[.]com The captured data is transmitted to cdn-c[.]com

At the time we discovered the attack, the Last-Modified header from the infected JavaScript files within the S3 bucket suggested that they had been harbouring malicious code since at least 13th May.

Uniqlo Australia was Uniqlo’s only online shop that appeared to be affected by this attack. We alerted Uniqlo to the compromise and the malicious code was removed from the affected files on 21st May.

Unsecured S3 buckets

This type of attack — in which criminals target less-secure parts of an organisation’s supply network — are known as supply chain attacks. This is not the first time supply chain attacks have been used to insert malicious JavaScript into websites. However, we have not identified the exploitation of unsecured S3 buckets to inject code intended to steal personal data entered into a website until recently.

Amazon provides customers with the ability to configure the permissions on their S3 storage with Access Control Lists (ACLs). Using ACLs, users can specify who may view, edit, delete and upload files. In Uniqlo’s case, the ACL was misconfigured, allowing any user to modify any of the files within the bucket:

    {
        "Grantee": {
            "Type": "Group",
            "URI": "http://acs.amazonaws.com/groups/global/AllUsers"
        },
        "Permission": "FULL_CONTROL"
    },

The criminals took advantage of the lax permissions to add malicious code to every JavaScript file found in the S3 bucket. Uniqlo altered the permissions on the bucket after we provided them with the details of the incident.

Misconfigured permissions on S3 buckets have been the centre of a number of data leaks in the past few years with the NSA and GoDaddy among those affected.

A not-so-unique attack

The Guardian and HuffPost have also loaded compromised resources on their websites, though no customers were affected as the malicious code was loaded in an iframe. The malicious code is intended to work in resources loaded in <script> tags — when the criminals compromise other file types, the malicious code often does not work as intended. If the criminals had been targeting The Guardian, they could have inserted a very convincing phishing site into the article.

The Guardian's website served card stealing code The Guardian’s website served card stealing code

Software vendors Picreel and Translation Exchange, both of whom provide resources that are loaded on their customers’ sites were also compromised. By adding malicious code to just these two buckets, the criminals infected over a thousand sites.

Criminal infrastructure

In all of these cases, the criminals have used the same attack vector and malicious skimming code. We have so far seen a total of six different dropsites that receive credentials from sites compromised in this way:

Domain Registered Registrar IP Address Country Hosting Company
ww1-filecloud[.]com 2019-01-30 WebNIC 45.114.8.162 Hong Kong Cloudie Limited
font-assets[.]com 2019-04-22 Shinjiru 179.43.144.137 Panama Private Layer
cdn-c[.]com 2019-05-13 Namecheap 94.177.123.154 Russia QHoster
cdn-imgcloud[.]com 2019-05-16 Shinjiru 45.114.8.160 Hong Kong Cloudie Limited
js-cloudhost[.]com 2019-05-17 Ilovewww 45.114.8.163 Hong Kong Cloudie Limited
wix-cloud[.]com 2019-05-17 Shinjiru 94.177.123.158 Russia QHoster

This suggests that these attacks are carried out by a single criminal group as part of the same campaign. It is common for criminals to carry out campaigns with more than one dropsite as it makes it harder for their operation to be detected and stopped.

Protect yourself

It is very difficult even for the most tech-savvy consumers to spot a JavaScript skimmer when browsing, making skimmers an invisible threat to online shopping safety. Netcraft’s browser extensions and Android app provide protection against online threats, including shopping site skimmers, other forms of malicious JavaScript and phishing.

Companies with customers within the EU that fail to adequately protect personal information can face severe penalties; since GDPR was implemented in 2018, fines of €20 million or up to 4% of annual global turnover can be issued to non-compliant companies. British Airways currently faces a £183m fine from the ICO following a similar attack against its customers. A number of other high-profile shopping sites have recently fallen victim, including Misfit Wearables and ARCTIC.

Netcraft offers a range of services, including web application security testing, to protect organisations and their customers against malicious JavaScript and other forms of attack.